INDIA NATIONAL EDUCATION POLICY, 2020

Prime minister Narendra Modi kaihhruai union cabinet meeting chuan Nilaini khan National Education Policy (NEP) thar a pawm a, Human Resource Development (HRD) ministry pawh Education Ministry-a thlak a remti bawk. 

Indian Space Research Orga­nisation (ISRO) hotu hlui K Kasturirangan kaihhruai panel chuan nikum khan union HRD minister Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank hnenah NEP thar draft hi an lo  thehlut tawh a ni. He policy thar chungchangah hian ministry chuan stakeholder  hrang hrangte thurawn a lak hnuah a pawm ta a ni.

National Policy on Education (NPE) hi sorkar chuan India ramin zirna lama hma a sawn leh zual theihna tur atana a ruahman a ni a, he policy hi thingtlang leh khawpuia elementary aṭanga college thlenga hman tur atana siam a ni bawk.

Kum 1968 khan prime minister hlui Indira Gandhi chuan NPE  hmasa ber chu a tlangzarh a, a hnu kum 1986 khan prime minister hlui Rajiv Gandhi chuan puang ve lehin, kum 1992 khan siamṭhat a ni. Hun rei tak ennawn tawh loh a nih hnuah, Nilaini khan union cabinet meeting chuan National Education Policy (NEP) thar chu a pawm leh ta a ni.   

Education policy tharin a tarlan te chu - 

1) Pre-school aṭanga secon­dary level thlenga naupang school kal an tam theih nan he policy thar hi siam a ni a, kum 2018 khan Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) chu 26.3% a ni. Kum 2025-a Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) a naupang inziak lut chu 50% a tihsan tum a ni a, kum 2030-ah chuan 100% a tihsan hman tum a ni bawk. 

2)NEP 2020 hian India rama naupang vaibelchhe 2 velin school an kal theih dan a ruahman a ni. Co-curricular leh extra-curricular area ṭhen hran ni tawh loin, subject zawng zawng - arts, music, crafts, sports, yoga, community service-te pawh huam vekin, curricular-ah telh vek an ni tawh ang.

3)Early Childhood Care & Education-a School kal hun chhung kum atana hman ṭhin 10+2 system tih chu 5+3+3+4 system-a thlak a ni a, naupang kum 3-8 inkar chu pre-school/Anganwadi emaw class 2 thleng an kal hun chhung tur biktuk a ni. Naupang kum 8-11 inkar chu class 3-5 an kal tur anga chhut leh a ni a, kum 11-14 tan class 6-8 ruat leh a ni bawk a, kum 14-18 inkar tan class 9-12 an zir hun chhung tur bituk leh a ni.

4)NCERT chuan naupang kum 3-8 te tana hman tur Early Childhood Care and Education for National Curricular and Pedagogical Framework  (NCPFECCE) a duang dawn a ni. 

5)Class 3,5 leh 8 zirlaite chu exam hmachhawn tir an ni dawn a, class 10 leh 12 chu a pangngai angin board exam kalpui leh tho tur a ni. National Education Policy (NEP) tharah hian Right to Education Act 2009 chu naupang kum 3-18 huamtir a ni dawn a, a hmain he policy hian kum 14 chin chauh a huam a ni. 

6)National Assessment Centre thar, PARAKH (Perfor­mance Assessment, Review, and Analysis of Know­ledge for Holistic Deve­lopment) chu din tum a ni. 

7)NEP hnuaiah hian zirna lama hnufual khuate chu Special Education Zone-a dah tur leh Gender Inclusion Fund siam tum a ni.

8)Day boarding school-te tan state/ district ten Bal Bhavan chu an din theihna tur ruahman a ni a, hetah hian art lam hawite, career leh thil dang dangte naupangte chuan an zir thei dawn a ni.

9)Kum 2022-ah National Council for Teacher Edu­cation chuan NCERT, SCERT, teacher leh expert organisation-te rawn chungin National Profe­ssio­nal Standards for Teachers (NPST) a duang ang. 

10)State/ UT-te chuan State School Standards Authority (SSSA) an din dawn a, stakeholder-te rawn chungin SCERT chuan school Quality Assessment and Accreditation Framework (SQAAF) a siam ang.

11)Zirna sang zawka kalte tan, research lama hma an sawn theih nan National Research Foundation din tum a ni a, higher education institution (medical and legal college tiam lohin) tan Higher Education Commission of India (HECI) siam tum a ni.

12)Public leh private higher education institution-te chu a hma ang regulation, accreditation leh academic standard te chu hman tir zel an ni ang. Dan pakhat hnuaia khaikhawm an ni.

13)National Curriculum Framework for Teacher Education, NCFTE 2021 tur chu NCERT rawn chhungin NCTE-in an siam ang.

14)Kum 2030-ah chuan zirlaite zirtir thei tur qualification chu kum 4 zir B.Ed. degree nei an ni tawh tur a ni. 

15) National Scholarship Portal chu zirlai tam zawkten scholarship an lak theih nana ennawn tum a ni.

16)Online education pawh uar chhoh tum a ni a, E-course siam tum chu regional language-a siam tum a ni. Hemi atan hian digital infrastructure pawh ngaituah chhoh zel tum a ni a, virtual lab pawh siam tum a ni. National Educational Technology Forum (NETF) (autonomous body) siam tum a ni bawk.

17)NEP chuan Pali, Persian, Prakrit, Sanskrit leh India rama ṭawng hrang hrangte tih hmasawn a nih theih nan Indian Institute of Translation and Interpretation (IITI) leh National Institute (or Institutes) din turin rawtna a siam.

18)MPhil programme tih bo tawh tur a ni a, univer­sity leh higher education institu-tion-a lut turte tan common entrance exam buatsaih tum a ni. Undergraduate, postgraduate and PhD level chu interdisciplinary-a dah an ni ang.

19)Class 5 thleng mahni pianpui ṭawngin naupangte chuan an zirlai an zir dawn. School syllabus tihtlem tum a ni a, core concept chauh zirpui tawh tur an ni. Class 6 

aṭangin vocational education a awm ṭan ang. 

20)Report card chu exam-a naupang mark leh statement ziah lanna atan ringawt ni tawh loin an thiamna (skill) leh an theihna lam hawi zawnga report card chu siam theih tawh tura hmalak a ni. 

21)HRD ministry chuan a subject azirin zir tur chin a bithliah dawn.

22)Ram chhungah affiliated college hi 45,000 chuang an awm mek a, hei vang hian college-te hnenah under graded autonomy, academic, administrative leh financial autonomy chu an performance aṭanga pek tum an ni. 



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